Antonia Nostro, Giuseppe Bisignano, Andrea Sudano Roccaro, Andreana Marino et al., Effects of oregano, carvacrol and thymol on Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms, J Med Microbiol April 2007; 56 (4): 519-523

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oregano essential oil, carvacrol and thymol on biofilm-grown and Staphylococcus epidermidis strains, as well as the effects of the oils on biofilm formation. For most of the S. aureus (n=6) and S. epidermidis (n=6) strains tested, the biofilm inhibitory concentration (0.125–0.500 %, v/v, for oregano, and 0.031–0.125 %, v/v, for carvacrol and thymol) and biofilm eradication concentration (0.25–1.0 %, v/v, for oregano and 0.125–0.500 %, v/v, for carvacrol and thymol) values were twofold or fourfold greater than the concentration required to inhibit planktonic growth. Subinhibitory concentrations of the oils attenuated biofilm formation of S. aureus and S. epidermidis strains on polystyrene microtitre plates.